Since mac is extensive it comprises 40 questions and features low reliability of one of the studied strategies denial, its novel version termed mini mac was developed. Development of the scale on psychological adjustment of. New mentalhealth resource for cancer patients newsmax. May 01, 2012 2012 the university of texas md anderson cancer center 1515 holcombe blvd, houston, tx 77030 8003921611 usa 77926161. The minimental adjustment to cancer scale minimac is a.
The mini mac contains 29 items and the psychometric properties of the mini mac have proved satisfactory 31. Grassi l, buda p, cavana l, annunziata m, torta r, varetto a. Rasch analysis of the minimental adjustment to cancer. Mini mental adjustment to cancer mini mac scale, which measures the degree of mental adjustment to disease. People with cancer, as well as their doctors, need to remember that mental health is as important as physical health for these patients, the authors note. Minimization was measured using a subscale of the osborne et al. Rasch analysis of the minimental adjustment to cancer scale. Cancer patients who experience depression can use both therapy and lifestyle tools to help support their mental health, according to a new patient resource from the jama oncology journal.
Screening for distress in newly diagnosed cancer patients. Using a longitudinal design, aim of this study was to investigate the relation between mental adjustment to cancer and anxiety, depression, healthrelated quality of life hrql and survival in patients treated for laryngeal cancer. The widely used mental adjustment to cancer mac scale was designed to measure fighting spirit fs, anxious preoccupation ap, helplesshopelessness hh and fatalism. The present study extended and refined the scope of the mental adjustment to cancer mac scale, a selfreport measure designed to give a rapid assessment of coping style. Mac scale, an instrument derived from the mac and designed to measure styles of coping with cancer. Correct and timely detection of needs throughout the different stages of the care trajectory is crucial and can be supported by the use of screening and assessment in a steppedcare approach. A sample of prostate cells that have been gathered from a prostate biopsy are looked at histologically using a microscope. Mental adjustment and healthrelated quality of life in. Development of a questionnaire measure of adjustment to cancer. Mac mental adjustment to cancer scale in medical by. Selfmanagement of psychological distress in people with.
The mental adjustment to cancer mac scale vs clinical ratings steven greer, stirling moorey and maggie watson received 26 october 1988. An important issue during the measure development was the identification of specific domains of psychosocial adjustment and the selection of those items that would reflect different aspects of it. The mini mental adjustment to cancer scale minimac is widely used to evaluate cancer patients psychological responses to diagnosis and treatment. Rasch analysis of the mini mental adjustment to cancer scale mini mac among a heterogeneous sample of longterm cancer survivors. Initial validation of the minimental adjustment to cancer minimac. Having a child with mental retardation generates a number of additional. Some reports suggest that coping efforts as measured by the mac scale are predictive for survival of breast cancer patients. Mental adjustment to cancer scale mac mental adjustment to cancer scale mental adjustment to cancer scale assessment scale hide descriptions. The minimac questionnaire includes 29 statements allowing the.
Minimization was measured using a sub scale of the osborne et al. Use of the minimac scale in the evaluation of mental adjustment to. Screening for distress in newly diagnosed cancer patients video transcript achieving communication excellence ace lecture series interpersonal communication and relationship enhancement icare dr. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file. Mental adjustment to cancer macs scale oxford clinical. The italian version of the mini mental adjustment to cancer mini mac scale. This investigation is a greek validation of the mini. After semantic validation, the scale was applied to a sample of 283 patients, average age 54 years old. Research article open access mental adjustment to cancer and.
Factorial structure article pdf available in psicologia em estudo 1. Mar 11, 2016 the prevalence of cancer increases every year, leading to a growing population of patients and survivors in need for care. The psychometric properties of a chinese version of the mini mental adjustment to cancer scale mini mac were examined among 115 chinese cancer patients in hong kong. We prepared a temporary scale consisting of 74 items based on a concept analysis with expert examination of the content validity, as well as a pilot study. Had scale is found to be a valid screening tool for psychiatric disorders, particularly depression when tested in palliative care setting10,14. Recent evidence demonstrates adequate convergent validity but inconsistent internal consistency and factor structure. It has been suggested that these five subscales could be grouped to form the overarching adaptive and maladptive coping subscales to facilitate the interpretation and clinical application of the scale. The most common shorthand of mental adjustment to cancer scale is mac. What is shorthand of mental adjustment to cancer scale. Initial validation of the minimental adjustment to cancer. School but not a graduate of, a score on the mmse of 24 or below c. The psychometric properties of a chinese version of the minimental adjustment to cancer scale minimac were examined among 115 chinese cancer patients in hong kong. Two main issues were identified in these instruments.
Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale cesd, nimh below is a list of the ways you might have felt or behaved. The minimental adjustment to cancer scale minimac is a 29item instrument designed to evaluate the responses developed by cancer patients. Mental adjustment to cancer scale is designed to assess psychological responses to cancer diagnosis and is widely used in research and clinical practice. The gleason scale, developed by physician donald gleason in the 1960s, provides a score that helps predict the aggressiveness of prostate cancer. Psychological adjustment to neoplastic disease is often measured with the mac mental adjustment to cancer scale developed by m. In this context an attitude called fighting spirit gained much attention as a coping style. The five subscales from the original minimac anxious preoccupation, helplesshopeless, fighting spirit, fatalism, cognitive avoidance had acceptable internal reliabilities. Setting boundaries mental adjustment to cancer in laryngeal cancer patients. You can also look at abbreviations and acronyms with word mac in term. Just as with the pain scale, youre asked to choose a number from 0 to 10 that reflects how much distress you feel today and how much you felt over the past week. The minimac contains 29 items and the psychometric properties of the minimac have proved satisfactory 31. During the past week rarely or none of the time less than 1 day some or a little of the time 12 days occasionally or a moderate amount of time 34 days. The minimental adjustment to cancer scale minimac is a wellrecognised, popular measure of coping in psychooncology and assesses five cancerspecific coping strategies. Assessment of adjustment of patients in cancer treatment trials is becoming more common and increasingly regarded as a useful outcome measure.
Little is known, however, about how patients personality vulnerabilities affect their adjustment to cancer. The initial list of tools was compiled through research database searches, internet searches, and. Mental adjustment to cancer and its relation to anxiety. Mental adjustment to cancer has been explored in a large body of the literature by using the mental adjustment to cancer mac scale. May 20, 2012 the mini mental adjustment to cancer scale mini mac is a wellrecognised, popular measure of coping in psychooncology and assesses five cancer specific coping strategies. Psychometric analyses of the mental adjustment to cancer mac scale in a greek palliative care unit.
Ten is the highest level of distress you can imagine, and 0 is no distress. Pdf mental adjustment to cancer scale researchgate. Each section of the test involves a related series of questions or commands. Minimental adjustment to cancer minimac scale, which measures the degree of mental adjustment to disease. Nimh family support scale nimh fss has been developed as part of the research project on family intervention and support programmes for persons with mental retardation funded by the usindia rupee fund 19982003. The prevalence of cancer increases every year, leading to a growing population of patients and survivors in need for care. The highest scores in the anxious preoccupation and helplessnesshopelessness subclasses were those of the lung, colorectal, breast and prostate cancer patients. A diagnosis of cancer can be extremely stressful, and for that reason, cancer patients adjustment has been widely studied.
Broad categories of adjustment to cancer were originally identified clinically. To address the issue of deinstitutionalization and communitycentered treatment, taylor, dear and hall 1979 and taylor and dear 1981 created the community attitudes toward mental illness cami, using the omi as a conceptual basis, with a new community mental health ideology dimension. Mental adjustment to cancer and its relation to anxiety, depression, hrql and survival in patients with laryngeal cancer. The purpose of this paper is to develop the scale on psychological adjustment of cancer survivors pacs and analyse its reliability and validity. C 1989 maxwell pergamon macmillan plc patients adjustment to cancer. Subsequently, a selfrating questionnairethe mac mental adjustment to cancer scalewas developed to measure these categories of adjustment. Pdf printable versionstandardised minimental state examination. Problems in the factor structure of the scale and the need for refining the instrument have determined the development of the minimac. The minimental status examination offers a quick and simple way to quantify cognitive function and screen for cognitive loss. The factorial validation of the mini mac the mental adjustment to cancer scale, that measures mental adjustment to cancer, is investigated.
The development of an instrument to measure stigmatization. Problems in the factor structure of the scale and the need for refining the instrument have determined the development of the mini mac. Rasch analysis of the minimental adjustment to cancer scale mini. Assessing psychological status of cancer patients using the. To achieve good quality care, a patientcentered approach is essential. Mental adjustment to cancer and its relation to anxiety, depression. Use of the minimac scale in the evaluation of mental. The concerns about recurrence scale cars had the best psychometric qualities, however the measure is breast cancer specific.
The present study examined the moderating role of several psychological strategies. Mark how often you have felt this way during the past week. It tests the individuals orientation, attention, calculation, recall, language and motor skills. To view pdf portable document format documents, you will need to. Since mac is extensive it comprises 40 questions and features low reliability of one of the studied strategies denial, its novel version termed minimac was developed, the polish version of which was applied to this study. The aims of this paper are to describe, compare and critique available literature on self efficacy in breast cancer patients, and propose directions for future research. Subsequently, a selfrating questionnairethe mac mental adjustment to cancer scale was developed to measure these categories of adjustment. June 2015 this report was prepared by anna ugalde, kerry haynes, vicki white, meinir krishnasamy, anna. Please circle the appropriate number to the right of each statement, indicating how far it applies to you at present. The mental adjustment to cancer scale mac scale has evolved to a standard measure in the field of psychooncology. Validation studies of the scale have shown inconsistency in the obtained factor structures. The swedish version of the mini mac has been obtainedby standard translation. The minimental state exam mmse is a widely used test ofcognitive function.
Grassi screening for distress in newly diagnosed cancer patients. Assessing cancer patients quality of life and supportive. Mental adjustment to cancer scale mac 8, developed for measuring mental adjustment to cancer in a general cancer population. Patient mental adjustment to selected types of cancer. Assessing psychological status of cancer patients using. The scale consists of 29 items on a fourpoint numeric scale ranging from 1 does not apply at. Below are the links to the authors original submitted files for images. Derogatis developed this measure to evaluate the most fundamental aspects of the broad construct of adjustment with a costefficient and timeefficient instrument. Selfcriticism, neediness, and distress among women. The mental adjustment to cancer mac scale was developed by watson et al. Minimental adjustment to cancer scale minimac scale of watson et al. Snomed ct browser uk snomed ct clinical edition nhs data migration february 2020. Some cancer care teams measure distress in the same way, using a 0 to 10 scale. Pdf rasch analysis of the minimental adjustment to.73 19 1278 911 543 917 176 1029 986 1337 1382 1106 1009 106 1041 521 741 603 543 170 1442 1555 2 914 700 17 458 53 713 522 1334 113 1172 707 738 1052 1506 1291 962 160 309 123 728 1349